This area will cover relevant news of the threat to the planet from Near Earth Objects (NEOs) including concepts and designs for mitigation. All opinions are those of the author.

21 August 2011

Paper: Optimal impact strategies for asteroid deflection

A new paper from Vasile, et al called "Optimal impact strategies for asteroid deflection".


Optimal impact strategies for asteroid deflection 

Authors: Massimiliano Vasile, Camilla Colombo (Submitted on 25 Apr 2011)

Abstract:This paper presents an analysis of optimal impact strategies to deflect potentially dangerous asteroids. To compute the increase in the minimum orbit intersection distance of the asteroid due to an impact with a spacecraft, simple analytical formulas are derived from proximal motion equations. The proposed analytical formulation allows for an analysis of the optimal direction of the deviating impulse transferred to the asteroid. This ideal optimal direction cannot be achieved for every asteroid at any time; therefore, an analysis of the optimal launch opportunities for deviating a number of selected asteroids was performed through the use of a global optimization procedure. The results in this paper demonstrate that the proximal motion formulation has very good accuracy in predicting the actual deviation and can be used with any deviation method because it has general validity. Furthermore, the characterization of optimal launch opportunities shows that a significant deviation can be obtained even with a small spacecraft.

Cite as: arXiv:1104.4670v1 [astro-ph.IM]

Link: Paper (PDF format)
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